n. The fruit of the eggplant{1}. Some of the lesser-known vegetables also have leaves that are edible. Answer. Bicolored cultivars with striping include 'Listada de Gandia' and 'Udumalapet'. An English botany book in 1597 described the madde or raging Apple: This plant groweth in Egypt almost everywhere... bringing foorth fruite of the bignes of a great Cucumber.... We have had the same in our London gardens, where it hath borne flowers, but the winter approching before the time of ripening, it perished: notwithstanding it came to beare fruite of the bignes of a goose egge one extraordinarie temperate yeere... but never to the full ripenesse. [63], Like the potato and S. lichtensteinii, but unlike the tomato, which then was generally put in a different genus, the eggplant was also described as S. esculentum, in this case once more in the course of Dunal's work. However, the green part at the top, the calyx, does have to be removed when preparing an eggplant for cooking. In some parts of India, miniature cultivars, most commonly called, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 14:00. Maharashtrian Vangi Bhat recipe. Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit. A Spanish dish called escalivada in Catalonia calls for strips of roasted aubergine, sweet pepper, onion, and tomato. [17] In 19th-century Egypt, insanity was said to be "more common and more violent" when the eggplant is in season in the summer.[18]. Answer By Toppr. I hope you’ll make room for these wonderful fruits this growing season. • Answer this question. Fruit Types And Edible Parts MCQ Agriculture Exams Study Material Agronomy Horticulture Plant Pathology Entomology Plant Breeding Genetics Current Affairs Elsewhere in China, such as in Yunnan cuisine (in particular the cuisine of the Dai people) they are barbecued or roasted, then split and either eaten directly with garlic, chilli, oil and coriander, or the flesh is removed and pounded to a mash (typically with a wooden pestle and mortar) before being eaten with rice or other dishes. It provides low amounts of essential nutrients, with only manganese having a moderate percentage (11%) of the Daily Value. Read on to find out how to avoid bitter, seedy eggplants. [25] Bāḏinjān is itself a loan-word in Arabic, whose earliest traceable origins lie in the Dravidian languages. Common North American pests include the potato beetles, flea beetles, aphids, whiteflies, and spider mites. For the average adult, 400 mg of solanine would be life-threatening. The most widely cultivated varieties—cultivars—in Europe and North America today are elongated ovoid, 12–25 cm (4 1⁄2–10 in) long and 6–9 cm (2 1⁄2–3 1⁄2 in) broad with a dark purple skin. Plant time. The flowers are white to purple in color, with a five-lobed corolla and yellow stamens. Another version of the dish, begun-pora (eggplant charred or burnt), is very popular in Bangladesh and the east Indian states of Odisha and West Bengal where the pulp of the vegetable is mixed with raw chopped shallot, green chilies, salt, fresh coriander, and mustard oil. These include okra, radishes, kohlrabi, beets and turnips. lasiocarpum.[63]. General Plant Information ; Plant Habit: Herb/Forb: Life cycle: Perennial: Sun Requirements: Full Sun: Water Preferences: Mesic: Minimum cold hardiness: Zone 11 +4.4 °C (40 °F) to +7.2 °C (50 °F) Fruit: Showy Edible to birds: Uses: Vegetable Suitable as Annual: Edible Parts: Fruit: Toxicity: Leaves are poisonous: Pollinators: Various insects Pods of English peas. S. melongena is included on a list of low flammability plants, indicating that it is suitable for growing within a building protection zone. The modern Hindustani words descending directly from the Sanskrit name are baingan and began. The stem is often spiny. Parmigiana di melanzane, eggplant parmesan. The dish is characteristically served with the stalk attached. Many plants have edible leaves too, … This fruit is also used to make appetizers and salads. Vegetable Common Edible Parts Other Edible Parts Beans, snap pod with seeds leaves Beans, lima seeds pods, leaves Beets root leaves Broccoli flower leaves, flower stem Carrot root leaves S. violaceum of de Candolle applies to Linnaeus' S. aethiopicum. [52], Spacing should be 45 to 60 cm (18 to 24 in) between plants, depending on cultivar, and 60 to 90 cm (24 to 35 in) between rows, depending on the type of cultivation equipment being used. However, since eggplants can be particularly susceptible to pests such as whiteflies, they are sometimes grown with slightly less susceptible plants, such as chili pepper, as a sacrificial trap crop. This earlier answer is for eating the best parts that I know of. we eat roots like carrot, we eat stems like potato, we eat leaves like cabbage etc. and see text. Larger cultivars weighing up to a kilogram (2.2 pounds) grow in the region between the Ganges and Yamuna Rivers, while smaller ones are found elsewhere. It can be baked, stewed or added to soups, curries etc[183]. [16], The eggplant has a special place in folklore. Egg plant is also known as brinjal and brinjal is a vegetable so egg plant is veg. Fruit Types And Edible Parts Agriculture Exams Study Material Agronomy Horticulture Plant Pathology Entomology Plant Breeding Genetics Current Affairs The eggplant was sometimes considered a variety violaceum of that species. and Solanum melongena var. In Andalusia, eggplant is mostly cooked thinly sliced, deep-fried in olive oil and served hot with honey (berenjenas a la Cordobesa). Do not eat the outer shell (the rind) or that stringy goop that holds the seeds. [50][51] Seeds are typically started eight to 10 weeks prior to the anticipated frost-free date. The eggplant is quite often featured in the older scientific literature under the junior synonyms S. ovigerum and S. trongum. Different cultivars of the plant produce fruit of different size, shape, and color, though typically purple. In 2018, world production of eggplants was 54 million tonnes, led by China with 63% of the total and India with 24% (table). The genetic origin of eggplants, at least those belonging to Solanum melongena (our common culinary eggplants), is presumed to be India or Southeast Asia, hence the immense biodiversity of eggplants in those parts of the world. Plant eggplant when the soil temperature is at least 60°F, not sooner than 2 weeks after the last frost in spring. Eggplant grown in temperate climates fares better when transplanted into the garden after all danger of frost has passed. Place the soil in a loose manner into your pot, but make sure that it is not getting compressed. An actual S. violaceum, an unrelated plant described by Ortega, included Dunal's S. amblymerum and was often confused with the same author's S. Veg recipes of India. The fruit of banana plant are used as food and the flowers of the banana plant are also used as food in the form of vegetables. The name eggplant is usual in North American English and Australian English. In al-Andalus, the Arabic word (al-)bāḏinjān was borrowed into the Romance languages in forms beginning with b- or, with the definite article included, alb-: The Spanish word alberengena was then borrowed into French, giving aubergine (along with French dialectal forms like albergine, albergaine, albergame, and belingèle). Shoots. Crushed seeds from multiple species were once used to treat toothaches. Hearts of. Flowers are complete, containing both female and male structures, and may be self- or cross-pollinated.[53]. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Imperial examination in Chinese mythology, "A Comparative Genetic Linkage Map of Eggplant (Solanum melongena) and Its Implications for Genome Evolution in the Solanaceae", "Patterns of Food Consumption in Early Modern Iran", Lost Crops of Africa, Volume II: Vegetables, "Eggplant, White — Solanum ovigerum Dun. In a dish from Maharashtra called bharli vangi, small brinjals are stuffed with ground coconut, peanuts, onions, tamarind, jaggery and masala spices, and then cooked in oil. Although the nutrient value of eggplant isn’t as impressive as other vegetables, there are some unique phytochemicals (naturally occurring plant chemicals) in eggplant. [31] This decision was deemed controversial, as it deviated from previous practices with other genetically modified crops in India. Typically used as a vegetable in cooking, it is a berry by botanical definition. From Arabic, the word was borrowed into European languages. Scopoli's S. zeylanicum refers to the eggplant, and that of Blanco to S. [12] A book on agriculture by Ibn Al-Awwam in 12th-century Arabic Spain described how to grow aubergines. Maharashtra and the adjacent state of Karnataka also have an eggplant-based vegetarian pilaf called 'vangi bhat' [49].. Eggplant is often stewed, as in the French ratatouille, or deep-fried as in the Italian parmigiana di melanzane, the Turkish karnıyarık, or Turkish, Greek, and Levantine musakka/moussaka, and Middle Eastern and South Asian dishes. Persian bādingān was borrowed in turn into Arabic as bāḏinjān (or, with the definite article, al-bāḏinjān). Eggplant seediness is usually due to improper harvesting or harvesting at the wrong time. Eggplant, (Solanum melongena), also called aubergine or Guinea squash, tender perennial plant of the nightshade family (), grown for its edible fruits.Eggplant requires a warm climate and has been cultivated in its native Southeast Asia since remote antiquity. Bt brinjal is a transgenic eggplant that contains a gene from the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis. In the La Mancha region of central Spain, a small eggplant is pickled in vinegar, paprika, olive oil, and red peppers. Whether natural or man-made, edible landscapes are definitely going to play a huge role in the future of gardening. [55], The potato tuber moth (Phthorimaea operculella) is an oligophagous insect that prefers to feed on plants of the family Solanaceae such as eggplants. [8] In 2018, China and India combined accounted for 87% of the world production of eggplants. [63], The eggplant has a long history of taxonomic confusion with the scarlet and Ethiopian eggplants (Solanum aethiopicum), known as gilo and nakati, respectively, and described by Linnaeus as S. aethiopicum. Slim cultivars in purple-black skin include 'Little Fingers', 'Ichiban', 'Pingtung Long', and 'Tycoon', In green skin, 'Louisiana Long Green' and 'Thai (Long) Green'. The term guinea in the name originally denoted the fact that the fruits were associated with West Africa. Its numerous seeds are small, soft and edible, along with the rest of the fruit, and do not have to be removed. You can start planting your brinjal plants indoors when April month starts. It has minimal levels of sodium (7mg in one whole eggplant). Eggplant (US,[1] Australia,[2] New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK,[3] Ireland, Quebec) or brinjal (South Asia, South Africa)[4] is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Vegetative parts and roots from wild eggplant species, including Solanum americanum and S. insanum, have been documented as a sedative and in the treatment of skin issues, such as rashes and sores.. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. Green or purple cultivars with white striping also exist. They are often deep fried and made into dishes such as yúxiāng-qiézi ("fish fragrance eggplant")[38] or di sān xiān ("three earthen treasures"). Brinjal is usually transplanted rather than direct seeded in the field as it provides the best means of establishing a uniform and complete stand of plants. Sprouts. Eggplant is used in the cuisines of many countries. Flowers and leaves have minty flavor; use in teas, fruit salad, cocktails, sauces, … Answer for question: Your name: Answers. Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit. Some other cultivars are white and longer in shape. It can be stuffed. The cut surface of the flesh rapidly turns brown when the fruit is cut open (oxidation). It is widely cultivated for its fruit, commonly eaten as a vegetable. Eggplant is nutritionally low in macronutrient and micronutrient content, but the capability of the fruit to absorb oils and flavors into its flesh through cooking expands its use in the culinary arts. As a member of the genus Solanum, it is related to the tomato and potato. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. Eggplant grows 40 to 150 cm (1 ft 4 in to 4 ft 11 in) tall, with large, coarsely lobed leaves that are 10 to 20 cm (4 to 8 in) long and 5 to 10 cm (2 to 4 in) broad. In Japanese cuisine, eggplants are known as nasu or nasubi and use the same characters as Chinese (茄子). [13] Records exist from later medieval Catalan and Spanish.[14]. Eggplant is richer in nicotine than any other edible plant, with a concentration of 100 ng/g (or 0.01mg/100g). The plant and fruit have a profusion of English names. Roasted, skinned, mashed, mixed with onions, tomatoes, and spices, and then slow cooked gives the South Asian dish baingan bharta or gojju, similar to salată de vinete in Romania. Ginger. It remains in scientific use. Growers typically cut fruits from the vine just above the calyx owing to the somewhat woody stems. Tweet. On wild plants, the fruit is less than 3 cm (1 1⁄4 in) in diameter; in cultivated forms: 30 cm (12 in) or more in length are possible for long, narrow types or the large fat purple ones common to the West. Individuals who are atopic (genetically predisposed to developing certain allergic hypersensitivity reactions) are more likely to have a reaction to eggplant, which may be because eggplant is high in histamines. It explains which parts of plants we eat (e.g. A 2008 study of a sample of 741 people in India, where eggplant is commonly consumed, found nearly 10% reported some allergic symptoms after consuming eggplant, with 1.4% showing symptoms within two hours. Owing to its versatile nature and wide use in both everyday and festive Indian food, it is often described as the "king of vegetables". If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. The white, egg-shaped varieties of the eggplant's fruits are also known as garden eggs,[22] a term first attested in 1811. Young ears of corn and the unfurled tassel. Plantation of seeds for growing brinjal in pots: Brinjal plants will need a temperature of minimum 13°C or more, which will be tough to provide in the outdoor location at the time of spring. What are the edible parts of Brinjal plant? It can be sliced and deep-fried, then served with plain yogurt (optionally topped with a tomato and garlic sauce), such as in the Turkish dish patlıcan kızartması (meaning fried aubergines), or without yogurt, as in patlıcan şakşuka. Many eggplant dishes are sauces made by mashing the cooked fruit. Schuhmacher and Peter Thonning named the eggplant as S. edule, which is also a junior synonym of sticky nightshade (S. sisymbriifolium). Modern descendants of this ancient Dravidian word include Malayalam vaṟutina and Tamil vaṟutuṇai. According to the entry brinjal in the Oxford English Dictionary, the Sanskrit word vātin-gāna denoted 'the class (that removes) the wind-disorder (windy humour)': that is, vātin-gāna came to be the name for eggplants because they were thought to cure flatulence. Plants in the nightshade family -- which includes eggplants, potatoes, peppers, tomatoes and tomatillos -- contain an alkaloid called solanine, which in very large doses can be poisonous. Edible landscapes are nowadays all around you, even if you have not realized this. These forms also gave rise to the Caribbean English melongene. Your IP: Traditional, white-skinned, egg-shaped cultivars include 'Casper' and 'Easter Egg'. From Greek, the word was borrowed into Italian and medieval Latin, and onwards into French. Names for various eggplant types, such as {{lang|la|agreste, album, divaricatum, esculentum, giganteum, globosi, inerme, insanum, leucoum, luteum, multifidum, oblongo-cylindricum, ovigera, racemiflorum, racemosum, ruber, rumphii, sinuatorepandum, stenoleucum, subrepandum, tongdongense, variegatum, violaceum"", and viride, are not considered to refer to anything more than cultivar groups at best. [40][41], In Korean cuisine, eggplants are known as gaji (가지). [36] Eggplant flesh is smooth. Arugula (Eruca sativa) If you want to add a mustardy, tangy flavor to salads, give Arugula a try. In 13th-century Italian traditional folklore, the eggplant can cause insanity. Other veggies in this family include potato, tomato, and peppers, which are considered nightshade vegetables. Oval or elongated oval-shaped and black-skinned cultivars include 'Harris Special Hibush', 'Burpee Hybrid', 'Bringal Bloom', 'Black Magic', 'Classic', 'Dusky', and 'Black Beauty'. It was originally domesticated from the wild nightshade species thorn or bitter apple, S. incanum,[5][6][7] probably with two independent domestications: one in South Asia, and one in East Asia. According to the United States Department of Agriculture, eggplant leaves are toxic and narcotic, like many members of the nightshade family , so they are inedible . Mint (Mentha spp.) Raw eggplant can have a bitter taste, with an astringent quality, but it becomes tender when cooked and develops a rich, complex flavor. "'egg-plant, n." OED Online, Oxford University Press, July 2018, Unless otherwise stated, material in this section derives from. [31] This variety was designed to give the plant resistance to lepidopteran insects such as the brinjal fruit and shoot borer (Leucinodes orbonalis) and fruit borer (Helicoverpa armigera). Is brooccoli a plant or flower? Edible plants may attract other animals that will compete with you for the harvest, such as birds, rabbits, squirrels, deer, insects, etc. [28], The plant is also known as guinea squash in Southern American English. Eggplant can be hollowed out and stuffed with meat, rice, or other fillings, and then baked. The fruit should not be eaten raw[132]. Brinjal seed oil is extracted through cold pressing of its seeds. Some common cultivars have fruit that is egg-shaped, glossy, and purple with white flesh and a spongy, "meaty" texture. What are the edible parts of Brinjal plant? The berry type of fruit is the edible part of a brinjal plant. Eggplant is also known as aubergine, and it belongs to the Solanaceae family of the plant kingdom. 1.1K views. Lesser-Known Vegetables. [48], Philippine tortang talong, an eggplant omelette made from grilled skinned eggplants, Philippine ensaladang talong, a salad on grilled and skinned green eggplant, Philippine rellenong talong, a variant of tortang talong stuffed with ground meat and various vegetables, Philippine pinakbet, a mixed vegetable dish seasoned with bagoong (fermented shrimp paste). The first known written record of the plant is found in Qimin Yaoshu, an ancient Chinese agricultural treatise completed in 544 C.E. He also recognized the varieties aculeatum, inerme, and subinerme at that time. This was used by Tournefort as a genus name in 1700, then by Linnaeus as a species name in 1753. For this reason, it should generally not be planted in areas previously occupied by its close relatives. Minor changes in nutrient composition occur with season, environment of cultivation (open field or greenhouse), and genotype. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. Timing is everything when it comes to harvesting the perfect eggplant. In Chinese cuisine, eggplants are known as qiézi (茄子). Tasting Korean Fare in Beijing", "Fuss-free stir-fried eggplants, a perfect side dish", "The Happy Home Cook: Rellenong Talong (Stuffed Eggplant)", https://www.vegrecipesofindia.com/vangi-bhaat-recipe/, "How to Grow Eggplant in Cooler Climates", "Growing Eggplant Successfully in Cooler Climates – Garden Mentors", "Fire retardant garden plants for the urban fringe and rural areas", "Eggplant production in 2018, Crops/Regions/World list/Production Quantity (pick lists)", "Eggplant fruit composition as affected by the cultivation environment and genetic constitution", "Total Phenolic Concentration and Browning Susceptibility in a Collection of Different Varietal Types and Hybrids of Eggplant: Implications for Breeding for Higher Nutritional Quality and Reduced Browning", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eggplant&oldid=990957593, Articles with dead external links from January 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles lacking in-text citations from December 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2018, Articles needing additional references from August 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
2020 edible parts of brinjal plant